Filoform FiloSeal+HD Re-enterable Cable Duct Seals & Sealing System
Filoform FiloSeal +HD is a duct sealing system that is able to seal large heavy armoured power (multicore XLPE SWA) and high voltage cables in ducts, bore holes or transit frames – providing a strong support system using hexagonal tubes building a re-enterable seal with honeycomb structure.
FiloSeal+HD cable duct seals are suitable for sealing any cable configuration or pipes contained in one duct and also allows easy re-entry of the seal to add or remove cables or pipes as required.
The cable duct seal kits have been extensively tested against pressure, pulling forces, chemicals, gases and hydrocarbons for adequate sealing of LV-HV cables against the danger of flood (water ingress) or gas migration.
UK DNO Approvals & Track Record
The Filoseal+HD system is in service and approved at electric utilities in the UK including: SPEN (Scottish Power Energy Networks), WPD (Western Power Distribution), NPG (Northern Power Grid), SSE (Scottish & Southern Energy) and various National Grid location substations up to 400kV.
WIMES Approved Water Industry Mechanical & Electrical Specifications
FiloSeal+HD cable duct sealing system is WIMES Complaint (3.02 Clause, 18.104.22.168d) and approved for use by UK Water Utilities including Thames Water, Anglian Water, Severn Trent Water, United Utilities and Welsh Water.
Filoseal+ products have an operating temperature of -40°C to +120°C.
Sealing Cable Ducts Against Gas & Water
The cable duct seal provides gas (including methane and chlorine) and water tightness for cable ducts up to 250mm outside diameter with fire resistant option available – the test report confirms a gas and watertight seal for 1 bar (48 hours – 10 metres of water) and 2 bar (20 metres of water).
Re-enterable cable sealing system is easy to apply regardless of the type of cable configuration in the cable ducts as it uses strong, but flexible hexagonal tubes to support the cable and provide a strong backing for the seal – typically used to seal medium and high voltage substation cable ducts providing 11kV-33kV power supply.
Filoseal+ has been Tested to 1 bar over 48 hours (equivalent to 10 metres of water).
Filoseal+HD & Filoseal+HD FIRE has been Tested to 2 bar over 48 hours (equivalent to 20 metres of water).
IP67 = a unit/object can be dropped into a body of water up to one metre deep for half an hour. The IP Code, IEC Standard IEC60529, classifies and rates the degree of protection provided by mechanical casings and electrical enclosures against intrusion, dust, accidental contact and water. Formally cable duct seals and sealing systems are not categorised as objects per se as mentioned above. However, based on the description above, Filoform declares that their Filoseal+ and Filoseal+HD systems exceed IP67 waterproof ratings provided they have been installed correctly and according to their instructions.
Hydrogen Sulfide Gas
The duct sealing compound has been tested specifically for resistance and stability performance under exposure to hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas to establish suitability for sealing cables installed in waste water treatment sites – following rigorous testing involving seal exposure to 200ppm concentration of H2S gas over a 120 hour (5 day period) the duct seal showed “No Change” to weight, dimensions, shore hardness or visual inspection.
The cable duct sealant withstands long term exposure to methane and chlorine gas concentrations without loss of cable sealing functionality. Additionally, the cable seals provide excellent resistance to aggressive chemicals and oils (including ASTM, mineral and silicon oil).
Bending Test For Cable Ducts
During the test the cable duct seal is subjected to a 1 bar pressure level and a single cable is bent at a distance of 10xd at an angle of 45°. After 1 minute, the cable is pushed back again into the original starting position – the test is then repeated in the opposite direction on the same cable. During and after this test, no leak should occur to the cable duct seal.
The FiloSeal+HD uses MD+ sealant applied simply via a skeleton gun The sealant is based on a silicone compound that cures with air (humidity).
After application and full curing the thixotropic MD+ forms a plastic elastomer mass with special qualities effectively sealing and bonding cable ducts while providing a high level of durability.
Cable separation is simplified due to the hexagonal tube design providing a strong backing for the Filoform MD+ to be applied on to.
Re-enterable Cable Duct Seals & Sealing System
Features & Benefits
- Flexible, one component, adhesive and sealing compound in a cartridge – (310ml)
- High levels of gas (chlorine and methane) and water tightness
- Excellent adhesion, applicable to all common building materials
- Shows fire resistance properties
- Resistant against water, alkaline and chemicals
- Resistant to termites (Mastotermes Darwiniensis) Northern Australian termites
- Resistant to rats
- Resistant to Hydrogen Sulphide / Methane and many other corrosive gases (NedLab)
- Non corrosive
- Solvent free
- Shock absorbing
- Non toxic, neutral and almost odourless
- Also suitable for limiting the EX-zones during transitions (observe chemical resistance)
- Suitable for any shaped cable duct / bore hole / opening
- Quick and easy installation
- A complete kit for sealing LV-HV cable ducts
- Seals XLPE EPR PVC & PE sheathed cables, PILC, (HD) PE pipes – medium/high voltage cables
- Suitable for renovations, can be installed retrospectively
- Over 25 years of operational experience
Hydrocarbon Resistant Cable Seals
The duct seal system has been extensively tested against pressure, pulling forces, chemicals, gases, hydrocarbons, in conjunction with using FiloSeal+HD which uses the hexagonal backing system to support and separate the cables. The following table summarises the the Test Report conclusions.
|Test Description||Measurement||Result||Pass or Fail|
|Pressure||2.0 Bar||1.0 bar long term, 2 bar short term||PASSED|
|Pulling Force||100kg||100kg – 1000 newtons||PASSED|
|Bend Test||10xd at 45°||10xd at 45, with 1 pressure bar||PASSED|
|Chlorine Gas||100% for 7 days||Slight change on colour and texture||PASSED|
|Methane Gas||100% for 7 days||Slight change on colour and texture||PASSED|
|Diesel||100% for 2 years||Hardly any change||PASSED|
|Petrol/Benzene||100% for 2 years||Hardly any change||PASSED|
|Ethanol||100% for 42 days||Hardly any change||PASSED|
|AD Blue||100% for 21 days||No change||PASSED|
|ASTM Oil||100% for 2 years||Hardly any change||PASSED|
|Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S)||200ppm for 5 days||Hardly any change||PASSED|
Installing & Preparing The Cable Duct Seal
The cable duct seal should be installed in accordance with the Filoform installation instruction.
1.Ensure cables and duct are cleaned and given a key using sandpaper
2. The hexagonal tubes are positioned onto the cables to be sealed and filled up all the voids and gaps using the small and large hexagonal backers to ensure the support system is adequately sealed
3. The hexagonal tubes must be installed leaving a 20mm gap at the front to apply the Filoform MD+ cable duct sealant
4. Once fully covered using the Filoform sponge to compress the duct sealant ensuring the sealant is compressed into the centres of the hexagonal tubes and around each of the cable to be sealed
5. The duct sealant can take 4-20 days to fully cure depending on air humidity – the more humidity the quicker the sealant cures.
Filoform FiloSeal+HD – Technical Specification
|Pressure||up to 2 bar|
|Pulling Force||100kg (1000 newtons)|
|Bend Test||10xd at 45º, with 1 bar pressure|
|Skin over time (23C/55%RH)||± 15 minutes|
|Curing||3 mm / 24 hours|
|Hardness||30 shore A|
|Tensile strength||0.8 N/mm²|
|Operating temperature||+5°C to +40°C|
|Temperature resistance||-40°C to +120°C|
FiloSeal+HD – Product Specification
|Filoform Part Ref||Cable Duct Seal Description||Maximum Duct Diameter (mm)||Order Unit|
|280010||FiloSeal+HD – 75mm > 110mm||Ø 110 max.||per piece|
|280020||FiloSeal+HD – 125mm > 160mm||Ø 160 max.||per piece|
|280030||FiloSeal+HD – 180mm||Ø 180 max.||per piece|
|280040||FiloSeal+HD – 200mm||Ø 200 max.||per piece|
|280050||FiloSeal+HD – 225mm||Ø 225 max.||per piece|
|280060||FiloSeal+HD – 250mm||Ø 250 max.||per piece|
Sealing Cables & The ATEX Directive
Cable duct seals are exempt from the requirement to certify for installation in hazardous area locations including Zone 1 & Zone 2 according to the ATEX Directive – the seals are classed as “non-sparking” and not capable of causing a source of ignition in potentially explosive atmospheres.
The following table summarises the results from the Test Report – please note the test results contained have been achieved in accordance with Filoform installation instructions and if not followed field results can vary. Size, material and cable volume of the duct all influence the duct seal performance.
|Duct Seal Test Description||Measurement||Result||Pass Or Fail|
|Pressure||2.0 Bar||1.0 Bar Long Term, 2 Bar Short Term||Passed|
|Pulling Force||100kg||100kg – 1000 Newtons||Passed|
|Bend Test||10xd at 45º||10xd At 45º, With 1 Bar Pressure||Passed|
|Chlorine Gas||100% for 7 Days||Slight Change On Colour and Texture||Passed|
|Methane Gas||100% for 7 Days||Slight Change On Colour and Texture||Passed|
|Diesel||100% for 2 Years||Hardly Any Change||Passed|
|Petrol / Benzene||100% for 2 Years||Hardly Any Change||Passed|
|Ethanol||100% for 42 Days||Hardly Any Change||Passed|
|AD Blue||100% for 21 Days||No Change||Passed|
|ASTM Oil||100% for 2 Years||Hardly Any Change||Passed|
|Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S)||200ppm for 5 Days||Hardly Any Change||Passed|