Cable Cleats – Q&A Session With Ellis Patents

Published 15 Mar 2019

Ellis Patents Cable Cleats

  • uploaded by Chris Dodds - Thorne & Derrick Sales/Marketing Manager

Ellis Patents Cable Cleats

Thorne & Derrick Internatonal, based in the UK, are an Ellis Patents distributor for their market-leading and innovative range of cable cleats manufactured in the UK.

Ellis Patents are global leaders in the innovation and manufacture of nylon cable cleats, aluminium cable cleats and stainless steel cable cleats – Ellis satisfy the operational requirements of the construction, oil, gas, rail, utilities, wind energy and power generation industries.

Holding Power is Ellis Patents guarantee that EP Cable Cleats will contain dangerous short circuit forces – protecting your people, power and plant.

Without Fail – specify Ellis cable cleats for short-circuit protection of LV MV HV cables.

Q1 – Is there a recognised cable cleat standard to guide the electrical industry in the selection and specification of cable cleats?

A1 International Cable Cleat Standard IEC61914:2009 covers the testing and performance of short circuit cable cleats for low and high voltage cable support.

Cable Cleats IEC61914

IEC61914 – Calculating Short Circuit Forces To Specify Compliant Cable Cleats

Q2 – What are the key factors in determining the correct cable cleat selection?

A2 – Environment, mounting structure, cable specification, cable configuration, peak short circuit fault level and outside cable diameter – this will enable effective specification of the cable cleat plus recommended cleat spacing.

 

Q3 – Can the correct cable cleat be specified based only upon the cross sectional area of the cable conductors?

A3 – No, the cable cleat retains around the outside diameter of the cable – see A2.

 

Triplex Cleats

 

Q4 – I am confused but impressed by the level of customer choice with respect to triplex cable cleats. Why are there so many Ellis cleat options?

A4 – It is important that when selecting cable cleats for high voltage triplex cables that the cable cleats can handle the anticipated fault currents especially at working voltages of 11kV/33kV – also, different DNO’s specify different cleats.

Triplex Cleats – Selection Guide for Cleating 11kV BS7870 Part 4.10 Cables

11kV Triplex High Voltage Cable Cleat Surround (MV-HV Cables)

11kV Triplex High Voltage Cable Cleat Surround (MV-HV Cables)

Q5 – In order to retain high voltage power cables we require cable cleats with high fault rating but are concerned about potential outer cable sheath damage to “soft-sheathed” type power cables with EPR insulation. Typical oil rig application.

A5 – Specify and install Ellis Patents cable cleats with cushion liners – Ellis Emperor, Ellis Vulcan and Ellis Atlas cable cleats are all available with liners.

Ellis Patents Vulcan, Atlas & Emperor Cable Cleats

Ellis Patents Vulcan, Atlas & Emperor Cable Cleats

Q6 – Why do Ellis Patents manufacture cable cleats with liners?

A6 – Ellis cable cleats with built-in liners provide effective cushioning to cables during short circuit conditions.

 

Q7 – Can Ellis Patents support their technical specification with Video short circuit testing?

A7Yes, watch these Ellis Patents Videos on YouTube

 

Q8 – Why are cable cleats manufactured in stainless steel and aluminium?

A8 – Stainless steel and aluminium cable cleats are both non-magnetic and unaffected by magnetic fields surrounding low and high voltage power cables. Cables fixed with cable cleats made from magnetic materials would cause localised heating of cleated cables by the effects of induction.

 

Q9 – What is galvanic corrosion and how may it impact on cable cleat installations?

A9 – Read our cable cleats and galvanic corrosion Blog

Galvanic Corrosion

Q10 – Can Ellis Patents provide technical advice on cable cleat considerations for multi-core cable installations?

A10 – Of course, here goes. As manufacturers of cable cleats, Ellis Patents are frequently asked for advice on the correct method of securing multi-core power cables.

We are not aware of any published data, which indicates any particular fixing method but custom and practice suggests that most users presume that any forces on the conductors, which arise in the event of a short circuit, will be restrained within the cable jacket and therefore cable cleats are not required.

The mechanisms within a multi-core cable, which help restrain the conductors in the event of a short circuit include:

1. The outer extruded jacket

2. The helical winding of the cores

3. Steel wire or other type of armour if present

In order to be able to provide meaningful advice Ellis Patents undertook a series of short circuit tests using 3 core, copper conductor, multi-core cables from various cable manufacturers.

Both armoured and unarmoured cables were tested across a variety of conductor sizes but because of the number of manufacturers and the variety of cable types and methods of construction available, it was not feasible to carry out exhaustive tests.

The results of the tests were varied but clearly showed that it is unsafe to presume that the forces between the conductors will always be restrained within the jacket of the cable, whether or not the cable is armoured or tightly helically wound.

Ellis Patents conclusion is that, unless the relevant cable manufacturer can give assurances regarding the performance of their specific cable at the anticipated fault level, fault rated cable cleats provide the safest option for securing multi-core cables.

Ellis Patents Ltd carry out a regular schedule of short-circuit tests.

If you are planning a project and would like certainty regarding the cable fixings for your installation (whether single or multi-core cables are included in the design) T&D and Ellis Patents would be interested to conduct a bespoke test, on your behalf, within our regular programme of work.

Ellis Patents Cable Cleats

Ellis Cleats | Emperor | Vulcan | Atlas | Phoenix | Single Trefoil Quad Bundled Cables

LV, MV & HV Jointing, Earthing, Substation & Electrical Eqpt

Thorne & Derrick International are specialist distributors of LV, MV & HV Cable Installation, Jointing, Duct Sealing, Substation & Electrical Equipment – servicing UK and global businesses involved in cable installations, cable jointing, substation, overhead line and electrical construction at LV, 11kV, 33kV and EHV.

THORNE & DERRICK Product Categories: Duct Seals | Cable Cleats | Cable Glands | Electrical Safety | Arc Flash Protection | Cable Jointing Tools | Cable Pulling | Earthing | Feeder Pillars | Cable Joints LV | Joints & Terminations MV HV 

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Further Reading